Thursday, May 28, 2020

A HISTORY OF POLLARD FLAT

Shenanigan's Gulch was the original name of the present-day location of Pollard Flat just 35 miles north of Redding along Interstate 5. The origin of the name is unknown. Shenanigan's Gulch originally started as a tent community and it was first settled by early Portuguese emigrants.The first route in the area which these emigrants used leading to and from Shenanigan's Gulch was discovered in 1832 by Hudson's Bay Company trapper and explorer Michael LaFramboise, and became known as the LaFramboise Trail. 

Later on, the trail was reconstructed into a small road during the early 1850s to accommodate mule pack trains, and after the creation of Siskiyou County, in 1852, it became known as the Siskiyou Trail, alias the Sacramento Trail or the Sacramento River Road. Then in, 1852 the California State Legislature authorized improvements on the trail. Ross McCloud, a native of Ohio, and a resident of Dog Creek, was the man who made those upgrades to this trail. The changes included turning it into wider and smoother road system leading out of the Sacramento River Canyon, which made it passable for wagons traveling north and south. 

The name of Shenanigan's Gulch was no longer used after 1853, and it became known as Portuguese Flat (or Portuguese Flats) due to the first settlers. During the mid-1850s it was an up-and-coming place to live. People lived here due to the lucrative gold strikes in the area as a stampede of miners descended upon this place making it one of the most ramshackle mining communities in Shasta County. 

By 1855, there were three or four buildings in the area including a boarding house owned and operated by Ross McCloud, and his wife Mary (Fry) McCloud, who were still residing at Dog Creek. Ross McCloud completed the road project on February 2, 1856, when the job was done local residents rejoiced over the work on the Sacramento River Road that Ross McCloud did. 




Above: To Packers! Time and Money Saved! The notice of the completion of the Sacramento River Road by Ross McCloud. From the Shasta Courier newspaper edition of February 2, 1856.


In February of 1856, a local mining company at Portuguese Flat claimed ownership of a mining claim near a trading post owned and operated by a Mr. Bird, which discovered some gold embedded into a quartz rock. After the extraction of the precious ore from that quartz rock it yielded them $175 in value it won them some praise in the local newspaper. Later on, the same company found another quartz rock which was valued at $270, after the gold was extracted from it. 

Increase travel over the Sacramento River Road began boosting business at the local boarding houses and at Bird's trading post, that month. Most of the travelers were passing through on their way north to Yreka or south to the town of Shasta. That year, the distance from the town of Shasta to Portuguese Flat was about 47 miles.

The mines in the area were producing lucrative results as well. Bird, eventually sold his property in the area, and then he relocated from Portuguese Flat which now lacked a trading post or a general merchandise store. It would be a while before another trading post or general merchandise store was established in the area. 

During May of 1856, a new boarding house called the Chicago House came to fruition. It was owned and operated by L. Fuller (first name unknown). The Chicago House included one of the first dairies in that area and ranch connected with the property as well. Portuguese Flat was not an agricultural community but a lucrative mining community. 



Above: an advertisement for the Chicago House, proprietor L. Fuller at Portuguese Flat. The advertisement was first published on May 20, 1856, and its from the July 19, 1856 edition of the Shasta Republican newspaper of Shasta.


Five months later, on October 4, 1856, a miner and local resident named Charles Blair, also known as "Frances Blair", a native of Ohio, and his partner Jesse Stanley, attacked a Chinese camp at Portuguese Flat which was located near a tributary of Slate Creek, which flowed through the area. The incident was heralded in the Shasta Republican newspaper from Shasta, which printed the following article on October 11, 1856:

CHINAMAN MURDERED – 


On Saturday night last a camp on Slate Creek containing six Chinamen was attacked by white men. One Chinaman was mortally wounded with knives and died the next day. The other Chinaman made resistance with such vigor that the assailants were driven away – leaving behind them a pistol and hat. A man by the name of Charles Blair has been arrested for the crime. An examination took place before Justice Gibson at Oakville, and Blair was committed to our jail where he is now held in confinement. Parties have been in pursuit of another man who is suspected of having been engaged in the murder. The body of the deceased Chinaman was brought to this place on Tuesday last. On Wednesday the Coroner held an inquest on the body and the jury found a verdict in accordance to the above facts. The Chinaman were robbed of the sum of $89.”(SIC)

Stanley’s name isn’t mentioned in the above article but he was mentioned at a later date as being associated with Blair during the murder. Apparently Jesse Stanley went east towards Pit River where he was rumored by the media to be hiding among the Indians of the Pit River tribe who sheltered him at their Rancheria. Law officials eventually tracked him down and arrested Stanley for murder of the above Chinaman, not much is known of Stanley's fate.

Blair was found guilty of first degree murder when he was convicted by a grand jury in the Shasta County Superior Court on December 2, 1856 in Shasta. Blair was sentenced to be hung at the gallows in Shasta on January 16, 1857, however, his defense team opposed the original sentence and asked for a stay of execution from California Governor, J. Neeley Johnson to lower his sentence to life in prison without the possibility of parole. Blair would learn his fate on May 1, 1857.

During Blair's confinement in Shasta the convict attempted an escape from the Shasta County Jail and he was caught in the act. On May 1st, Governor J. Neely Johnson approved the stay of execution and lowered Blair's sentence to life in prison without the possibility of parole. He was sentenced to San Quentin Prison and taken to the prison from Shasta by Shasta County Sheriff John A. Drieblebis where Blair was received on May 9, 1857.

The following excerpt about Portuguese Flat is taken from the Shasta Republican newspaper dated May 23, 1857, which states the following:

"The bars of the river are represented as paying good wages. At Motion Creek, Dog Creek and Portuguese Flat the miners are prospering. The helpfulness of the above mentioned diggings, together with the pure water and cool summer breezes of the Upper Sacramento, offers inducements rarely surpassed in California for miners to work during the summer months."

During the latter part of May of 1857, Robert "Bob" Cranston, a local resident of Shasta, established a passenger mule pack train conveying people by wagon from Shasta to Yreka, using the Sacramento River Trail route. He hired the best drivers who knew how to handle the dusty roads and trails via mule pack, and with his employees they maintained customer satisfaction with his clients. 



Above: Robert "Bob" Cranston's office was located inside the Empire hotel on Main Street at Shasta. Cranston had promised fast travel to Yreka from Shasta leaving the Empire hotel. He made stops in the Sacramento River Canyon stopping at Dog Greek, Portuguese Flat, Soda Springs and Stevens Ranch, in Siskiyou County, ending at John Loag's livery stable in Yreka, through in two days. This advertisement is from the June 6, 1857 edition of the Shasta Republican newspaper of Shasta. 


Later, this company competed with Loag & Kenyon's Passenger Trains, proprietors James Loag and Francis Kenyon. This company also used mules to convey their passengers by wagons. They had a similar stopping schedule, each travel agency always tried to out do the other by bringing more people into the area. Portuguese Flat was booming with new settlers buying up land and erecting additional bungalows in the area, due to the recent gold strikes. 

On April 27, 1858, a dissolution of partnership occurred between Loag & Kenyon and James Loag finalized all bills and debts against this firm. Cranston's company continued to convey the customers to their destinations in the Sacramento River Canyon, and his business was good. Later on, this company did go out of business.

To conclude the story of Charles Blair, he remained at San Quentin Prison until May 16, 1859, when he was pardoned for his crime and discharged from the prison by California Governor John B. Weller. Blair departed from the State of California and he never returned to Portuguese Flat. Some records indicate he went back home to Ohio.

In 1859, newcomer Robert Pitt, a native of England, began ruling the area with an iron fist, and was a rough person to get along with. He was also feared among his peers as well. Portuguese Flat had an election precinct named after it, which other historians state this election precinct was established in 1868, and that is incorrect, because on August 20, 1859, the Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta published the following list of inspectors and judges of the Portuguese Flat election precinct who were appointed by the Shasta County Board of Supervisors at that time:

"Portuguese Flat -

Inspector: Robert Pitt 
Judges: James McMeans and Captain Myers."

It's possible that the Portuguese Flat election precinct could predate 1859. Numerous elections had been held since that time electing inspectors and judges (justices of the peace) for that area. In order to be elected for one of these positions you had to live in the designated area.

During 1860, 4,360 people were living in Shasta County, while more people were making their home at Portuguese Flat that year. Four years later, in 1864, Robert Pitt, established a general merchandise store at Portuguese Flat, and his business flourished with success. It was the first store of its kind since Bird's Trading Post was in operation at that location. 

In addition to his general merchandise store, Pitt also established a hotel and a livery feed stable that year. Pitt, who was also a miner in the area hired additional help to assist him in his businesses so he could focus on his lucrative mining claims in the area. The Portuguese Flat hotel which was owned and operated by Robert Pitt was built by local carpenter John Vart, a native of Canada, who whipsawed the lumber for the hostelry. The hostelry included sixteen rooms and a saloon with a cellar. Porcelain potties were kept under each bed of this hostelry, and each room had bath tubs which water was brought inside from the outside for baths.

Two years later, in 1866, local miners were making five to ten dollars per day by hand at Portuguese Flat, and gold nuggets weighing several ounces were frequently found in the area. In February of that year, William H. Gooch, a native of Massachusetts, relocated from Copper City and settled at Dog Creek. Gooch established a general merchandise store at Slate Creek, near Portuguese Flat, and he competed in business against Robert Pitt. 

Then, on February 21, 1866, a miner named Robert Carruth, a native of Lupkin County, Georgia was instantly killed in a quartz mine which had collapsed with thirty tons of rock striking him from above at fifteen feet deep inside the tunnel he was working. Mining accidents like this one were known to happen but they weren't frequent happenings. Portuguese Flat was not successfully known for its agricultural purposes but a few farmers tried harvesting crops in the area like Reuben P. Gibson who registered to vote there on July 12, 1866. 

Then in, February of 1867, Robert Pitt's mining claim on Portuguese Flat was yielding eight to ten dollars per day by hand. A mining company called Moore & Company built a self-discharging reservoir which introduced water to their mining claim for an easier extraction of the ore they sought after. Additional water was brought in from the Sacramento River when they needed it packed in by mule pack trains.

Then on, April 1, 1867, a man by the name of William Thomas Smith registered to vote at Portuguese Flat. Smith was a native of England and an active miner in the area at the age of thirty-four. In January of 1868 a violent winter storm caused the flooding of a creek above Portuguese Flat which swept away a bridge recently built by the Sacramento Road Company, another bridge near the area on Dog Creek was carried away as well. In that winter storm the Sacramento River rose four feet higher in only two hours, which had never been seen before by the settlers of the Sacramento River Canyon. 

On July 10, 1869, the Shasta Courier newspaper reported the following account in this column:

"Upper Sacramento Items - Alexander McMullen & Co., are engaged in digging a water race three miles above Portuguese Flat for the purpose of enabling them to mine the bed of the river in which they have found very rich prospects. The river, in the neighborhood of the Flat has been wing dammed in a number of places and generally paid well for time and money expended."

The above is the first resource that I have found of the bed of the Sacramento River in that territory of Portuguese Flat being mined for gold at an early date. 

A few events of the time in 1870, after trying his hand at farming in the Portuguese Flat area, local resident Reuben P. Gibson, changed his occupation to become the local blacksmith. Sadly, Robert Pitt had put William H. Gooch out of business at Slate Creek which forced his early retirement. William H. Gooch eventually died on November 28, 1870, in a wagon accident which carried Gooch down a steep embankment that claimed his life near Slate Creek. 

To add to Pitt's success the United States Postal Service in Washington D.C., approved the establishment of a new post office at Portuguese Flat called Portuguee on April 15, 1870, which was ordered by them to be housed in the general merchandise of Robert Pitt, but Pitt was not the first postmaster as some people believe. The following list is a complete listing of postmasters for the Portuguee post office: 


1. William T. Smith - April 15, 1870 - August 25, 1870 

2. Robert Pitt - August 25, 1870 - April 22, 1872 

3. Simeon F. Southern - April 22, 1872 - September 20, 1872 

4. Robert Pitt - September 20, 1872 - May 15, 1877

After the establishment of the Portuguee post office, the town's polling place where local residents went to cast their votes and pay for their taxes were held at Pitt's store. The following article was printed by the Shasta Courier newspaper on Saturday, October 15, 1870:

FIRE - 

At about 12 o’clock on the night of September 29th a fire broke out in the barn belonging to Robert Pitt at Portuguese Flat in this county, which defied all efforts to extinguish it. There were four or five teamsters camping there that night and their horses and mules were in the barn. Several of the mules and horses were burned to death and the loaded freight wagon driven by Bill Eddy was also consumed. Eddy himself was seriously burned in trying to save his mules. The fire caught in the loft of the barn and is supposed to have been the work of an incendiary Pitt, the owner, is absent at present, on a visit to the States.”(SIC)

Robert Pitt had great success at mining as well which is mentioned in the following column by the Shasta Courier newspaper on April 15, 1871: 

NUGGET - Last week Robert Pitt, of Portuguese Flat in this county, found a gold nugget in his claim which weighed $70. Pitt says it is nothing unusual to find pieces of gold in his claim worth from $10 to $30.” 



Above: Attention Taxpayers! Selective towns in Shasta County where local residents could pay their state and county taxes in this county during the fiscal year of 1871-1872. Thomas Greene was the Shasta County Tax Collector at the time. Portuguese Flat was among those places. This is from the Shasta Courier newspaper edition of November 11, 1871.

Then on, August 5, 1872, the Shasta County Board of Supervisors abolished the Portuguese Flat election precinct with eight additional precincts in Shasta County, that day. New election precincts were also established, and on that day, the Dog Creek election precinct which now included Portugese Flat came to fruition. It certainly changed things for the area, and the reason why it was abolished was not given by them.

During the winter of 1872, it was Robert Pitt who introduced two hydraulic mining monitors to the area which heavily washed out the lucrative ore he was searching for in his mining claim. His mining claim yielded valuable prospects. About the same time, the California & Oregon Coast Line Stage Company which was owned by Sanderson, Parker & Company began taking travelers from their office in Shasta to the new town of Redding, and afterword's their stage stopped at various places including Pit River, Dog Creek, Portuguese Flat, and Soda Springs in Shasta County. They made various stops in Siskiyou County, until they reached their destination at Yreka. They continued public transportation throughout that decade of the 1870s.



Above: Robert Pitt released this advertisement in the Shasta Courier newspaper. for his general merchandise store, hotel and feed stable that he owned and operated. This is from the May 21, 1881 edition of the Shasta Courier newspaper. 

After the Portuguee post office was discontinued by the U.S. Postal Service in Washington D.C., on May 15, 1877, the town's mail was sent to the Hazel Creek post office for delivery by their postmaster, Simeon F. Southern. Four years later on, May 1, 1881, another horrendous murder took place at Portuguese Flat involving two men, a local Indian by the name of Indian Pike and his employer, Robert Pitt, who conspired together to kill an old-man named James H. Hayes, a local miner who resided at Portuguese Flat. From a San Francisco newspaper the following excerpt of an article included the real story about the murder:

"On the night of the 1st of May, when the ground was covered with snow, the Indian taking Pitt's rifle went to the old man's cabin and shot him dead. Pitt and the Indian were arrested. The former was tried, convicted and last Saturday was sentenced to imprisonment for life. On Monday, the Indian pleaded guilty. Pike takes matter very easily. He has a strong contempt for Pitt, not inducing him to shoot the old man, but for failing to keep the terms of the contract. he says that when he asked Pitt for the $100 and a gun and a horse, which he claimed were due him for the work, his confederate told him that he was nothing but a good-for-nothing Indian, and refused to give him any part of the promised reward. Pitt is in Shasta jail, yet, and his friends claim that he is insane." (SIC)

Indian Pike was received at San Quentin Prison on August 24, 1882, he was paroled on August 10, 1906, and was pardoned for the murder of James H. Hayes and restored to citizenship on July 31, 1909 by California Governor, James Gillet. He later returned to Shasta County to live out the rest of his life, and avoiding Robert Pitt at all costs. Indian Pike died in 1912.

Robert Pitt was also tried and convicted of first degree murder in the Shasta County Superior Court for the murder of James H. Hayes. Pitt was sentenced to life imprisonment. He was received at San Quentin Prison on November 28, 1882. Local residents were rejoicing that Pitt was gone for good, and a new era of change began to put some good into Portuguese Flat’s reputation. However, only time would tell the future fate of Robert Pitt.

As if Portuguese Flat, couldn't catch a break from Robert Pitt, he was later pardoned, discharged and restored to citizenship for the murder of James H. Hayes on January 25, 1886 by California Governor George Stoneman. Two days later, Pitt was discharged from the prison and he returned home to Portuguese Flat. A hated man with a bad reputation. 

According to renown historian Gertrude Steger in her book, Place Names Of Shasta County, she states that the: "name may have derived from the few 'pollard' pines in the area." Further more, Portuguese Flat was located north of a Pollard Gulch. However, another source claims that at the time of Pitt's incarceration in 1882, a newcomer by the name of John Pollard, a blond whiskered miner who arrived and settled at Portuguese Flat purchased property in the area. This is when the local residents renamed the community in his honor, trying to put their tainted past behind them and move forward into the future. Whatever, the case may be the name stuck to the area and at the present, this community is still called Pollard Flat which remains a rural community in northern Shasta County along Interstate 5.



Above: in 1855 the community of Portuguese Flat established a cemetery. Today, it is located near La Moine. The sign states: "HISTORY - Native American Cemetery, Portuguese Flat Cemetery 1855, Baker Cemetery 1940." This photograph was taken by Jeremy Tuggle on September 26, 2015.




Above: some of the headstones in the above cemetery. This photograph was taken by Jeremy Tuggle on September 26, 2015. 





RESOURCES:


The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, March 26, 1853


The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, July 14, 1855


The New Sacramento Trail - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, September 22, 1855


The Sacramento Trail - Wagon Road Practicable - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, October 13, 1855


The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, February 2, 1856


Mining on the Upper Sacramento - The Shasta Republican newspaper of Shasta, March 8, 1856


Portuguese Flat - The Shasta Republican newspaper of Shasta, April 12, 1856


Portuguese Flat - The Shasta Republican newspaper of Shasta, May 24, 1856


The Shasta Republican newspaper of Shasta, July 19, 1856


Chinaman Murdered - The Shasta Republican newspaper of Shasta, October 11, 1856


To Be Hung for the Murder of a Chinaman - The Shasta Republican newspaper of Shasta, December 13, 1856


Execution of Blair - The Shasta Republican newspaper of Shasta, January 10, 1857


Charles Blair - The Shasta Republican newspaper of Shasta, February 28, 1857


Respite To Blair - The Shasta Republican newspaper of Shasta, March 7, 1857


Miners on the Sacramento - The Shasta Republican newspaper of Shasta, March 7, 1857

Life Imprisonment - The Sacramento Daily Union newspaper of Sacramento, May 9, 1857


Suicide - The Republican newspaper of Shasta, August 8, 1857


California, Prison and Correctional Records, 1851-1950, for Charles Blair


California, Prison and Correctional Records, 1851-1950, for Charles Blair


Dissolution - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, May 8, 1858

Good Riddance - The Daily Alta California newspaper of San Francisco - May 21, 1859

Our Special Correspondence From Point San Quentin - The Daily Alta California newspaper of San Francisco, July 31, 1859


The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, August 20, 1859


1860 U.S. Census

Died - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, June 25, 1864


California Voters Register, 1866


William H. Gooch - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, February 10, 1866


Killed By Caving Of A Bank - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, March 17, 1866


Post Yourself - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, August 18, 1866


1866 California Voters Register


Portuguese Flat - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, February 9, 1867


Sacramento Road - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, February 9, 1867


Dog Creek - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, April 6, 1867


The Upper Sacramento - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, July 27, 1867


Dog Creek - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, August 31, 1867


The Recent Flood - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, January 11, 1868


Upper Sacramento Mines - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, May 23, 1868


Upper Sacramento Items - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, March 20, 1869


Upper Sacramento Items - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, July 10, 1869


1870 U.S. Census


Fire - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, October 15, 1870


Death Of Wm. H. Gooch - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, December 3, 1870


Nugget - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, April 15, 1871


Political Speaking - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, August 19, 1871


Dead - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, April 20, 1872


Trade - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, May 11, 1872


Proceedings of the Board of Supervisors For the August Term 1872 - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, August 17, 1872


Correspondence - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, May 10, 1873


Winter Arrangements! (advertisement) - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, August 23, 1873


The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, September 7, 1878


1880 U.S. Census

1881, History and Business Directory of Shasta County, California

Indian Pike - The Daily Alta California newspaper of San Francisco, August 23, 1882

California, Prison and Correctional Records, 1851-1950 for Indian Pike


California, Prison and Correctional Records, 1851-1950 for Robert Pitt

May H. Southern’s scrapbook’s. Nine binders. Unpublished personal and researched material compiled by Southern.


My Playhouse Was A Concord Coach, an anthology of newspaper clippings and documents relating to those who made California history during the years 1822-1888, by Mae Hélène Bacon Boggs. Published by Howell-North Press ©1942


Shasta County, California A History by Rosena Giles, published by Biobooks, ©1949.

Place Names of Shasta County by Gertrude Steiger, published by La Siesta Press, ©1966


U.S., Appointments of U.S. Postmasters, 1832-1971


Archeological Investigations in the Sacramento River Canyon by Roberta Greenwood and Laurence Shoup. Report on file at the California Department of Transportation, Sacramento, California printed in 1984.








Thursday, May 14, 2020

Nathan A. Townsend: The Man Behind the Historic Townsend Flat Ditch



Above: the Townsend Flat Ditch on the left along with its marker on the right. This photograph was taken by Jeremy Tuggle on April 28, 2020.

Nathan A. Townsend was a native of New York who was born about 1824. Townsend arrived and settled at Middletown in Shasta County in 1853. Soon after, Townsend was elected as a member to the Shasta County Democratic Convention at Shasta in June of that year. He always supported the Democrat party in politics and while voting at the polls during election years. He mined on a flat near Horsetown which was named Townsend Flat in his honor.  

Townsend was the owner of the Union Hotel at Middletown in 1854. He was married to his wife May, a native of Illinois, as well. They operated the hostelry together, and aside from the hostelry business, Townsend was also a miner. 



This advertisement states, "Middeltown Ball. A ball will be given at the "Union Hotel", Middletown, on the evening of Tuesday, the 17th October. Every necessary arrangement will be made to make it go off agreeably. - N.A. Townsend". From the Shasta Courier newspaper edition of September 30, 1854.


Townsend claimed ownership to a number of mining claims a half mile below the town of Briggsville in the Clear Creek area.  In 1855, at this location, he built a dam and then he began the construction of a water ditch. This ditch originated on the north side of present day Saeltzer Dam at Clear Creek which is (unrelated to the Townsend dam). Clear Creek Road is not far from this ditch. The ditch stretched for a total of 6.4 miles long and empties into Olney Creek, it was completed that year. It brought him water to his mining claims which was used for the extraction of the gold he sought after.

That same year, the mining settlement of Nebraska situated along the Clear Creek area was coming to fruition with new settlers who were attracted to the local gold mining claims in the area. Nathan Townsend and his wife were among the first settlers of this community which never had a post office to send and receive mail. 

Apparently, Townsend went into partnership with a man named C.M. McKinney, and in May of 1858, they sued John D. Smith for damages to their ditch, dam and mining claims. Its unknown how extensive the damages to their property were. The case of McKinney & Townsend Vs. John D. Smith began that October and by November 6, 1858, the Shasta Courier newspaper published the following: 

"Interesting and Costly Suit - The case of McKinney & Townsend vs. J.D. Smith et al., that has occupied the District Court for about a month, elicited a greater amount of interest than any civil suit ever heretofore tried in our courts. It was rather an expensive affair. The jury fees alone amounted to upwards of $800, while the Clerk's fees amounted to perhaps a greater sum - to say anything of the fees and the sheriff and the lawyers." (SIC)

In December, the case of McKinney & Townsend vs. J.D. Smith was granted a new trial by the presiding judge the Honorable, William P. Daingerfield on motion of the defendants. It was then thought that the case would be tried by the Supreme Court, but eventually it was settled out of court. Additional disputes involving Nathan A. Townsend would soon emerge in the Shasta County Courts over his properties.

Later on, the 1860 U.S. Census records Nathan and Mary living in the county seat of Shasta. Nathan is recorded as "N.A." Townsend. There are no children mentioned on this record living in their residence. Nathan, also recorded $500 in real estate value on this record.  However, a son by the name of Wilbur was born to this union. It's possible there were other children.

The 1860 U.S. Census also records Nathan’s son Wilbur Townsend as “W.A.” Townsend who is living at Horsetown in the household of M. Patterson. Wilbur was working as a cook presumably at the Union Hotel in Middletown. Like his father, he was also a native of New York, and he was married to his wife Martha. Together they had two children, Lewis and Ada. Nathan's son Wilbur Townsend became the owner of the Union Hotel in 1861. 

In 1862, Nathan A. Townsend and his wife, Mary, were residing at Muletown, and in August of that year, he became a Justice of the Peace for that community. Townsend's partner C.M. McKinney was also the target of a lawsuit in the Shasta County District Court by Enos B. Taylor which during the above trial on the 16th of October 1862, on a judgement rendered at the June term of the said court in favor of Taylor for the sum of $5,499.17, with legal interests with the costs taxed in the sum of $143.45, in favor of Taylor. It was Shasta County Sheriff John S. Follansbee who was ordered by the court to sell the following described property at a future date, "The equal undivided one-half of the dam and ditch situate in the county of Shasta aforesaid, known as Townsend's dam and ditch, and which said dam and ditch were constructed for the purpose of taking the waters of Clear Creek from a point below Briggsville, and conveying the same on to mining and agricultural lands below said point. Also, one equal undivided one-half of all the farming claims and mining claims owned and possessed by the said N.A. Townsend, contiguous or in vicinity of said ditch; together with one equal undivided one-half of all the buildings on said premises, and the tools, sluice boxes, and all appurtenances thereunto below." (SIC)

Finally, on November 7, 1862, the above property was sold at auction to the highest bidder in Shasta. Unfortunately, the name of the buyer wasn't released by the local media. After 1863, not much is known about Nathan A. Townsend as he becomes untraceable in the United States Census records and information about him is unknown after this date. Nathan's son Wilbur Townsend relocated from Shasta County to the Nevada Township, in Nevada where his family was living in 1870. 

Years later, the Townsend Flat Water Ditch Company took over Nathan A. Townsend's earlier holdings along Clear Creek and his water ditch after this company was incorporated on December 3, 1890. The Townsend Flat Water Ditch Company dissolved in the early 2000's and most of the property was split up into private ownership under different people and parts of the ditch became the property of the McConnell Foundation. Today, this one hundred sixty-five year old water ditch still remains visible to the passing eye with trail markers marking its path along the Clear Creek Gorge Overlook and Trail, a pet-friendly, 3.5 mile long trail which ranges from easy to moderate along its path. Take plenty of water with you and the appropriate shoes, if you go. 



Above: the Townsend Flat Ditch trail marker. This photograph was taken by Jeremy Tuggle on April 28, 2020.




RESOURCES:

Shasta County Democratic Convention - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, June 11, 1853

Townsend & Co's Ditch - The Shasta Republican newspaper of Shasta, October 27, 1855

Clear Creek Ditch - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, October 27, 1855

District Court - May Term - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, May 22, 1858

Justice Made Cheap - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, October 9, 1858

Institutions - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, October 30, 1858

Interesting and Costly Suit - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, November 6, 1858

New Trial Granted - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, December 18, 1858

1860 U.S. Census

District Court Calendar - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, January 14, 1860

Justices and Inspectors of Election - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, August 17, 1861

Officers Of Election - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, August 23, 1862

Sheriff's Sale - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, October 25, 1862

Sheriff's Sale - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, November 1, 1862

Place Names of Shasta County by Gertrude Steger, published by La Siesta Press, ©1966.













Wednesday, April 1, 2020

KIMBALL PLAINS


Above: Major Gorham G. Kimball a co-owner of the Cone & Kimball Company of Red Bluff, Tehama County, California. From the Red Bluff Daily News newspaper edition of Red Bluff, December 22, 1904.



Kimball Plains was one of the smaller settlements of the Bald Hills in western Shasta County, which was located seven miles west of Cottonwood. Business partners, Joseph S. Cone and Major Gorham G. Kimball, of Tehama County, were the first owners of the tract of land which the community was developed on. Originally, the settlement started as a stock range for grazing purposes. This settlement was possibly named after their flock tender, William Kimball, no relation to Major Gorham G. Kimball.

Cone & Kimball soon discovered their land to be extremely valuable to new settlers who wanted to purchase the land for farming purposes. After many offers, the land was sold to a number of newcomers during the latter part of the 1870s. The first residence was located on the south side of Gas Point Road about one mile west of Dry Creek. At this location a water well from that first family still existed when local historian, Myrtle McNamar, published her book Way Back When in 1952.

Three or four families with young children settled, early on, at Kimball Plains which helped the residents establish the Kimball School District on August 5, 1879. Eventually, a one-room schoolhouse was erected in the area. It’s first teacher was A.R. Eldridge. Later, a Baptist congregation was formed in the area and they met inside the Kimball schoolhouse on Sunday morning's. This church was led by my paternal great-great-great grandfather, the Reverend William S. Kidder, a resident of Eagle Creek (now Ono).

Kimball Plains lacked a post office to send and receive mail. The nearest post office to this settlement was located at Gas Point. The mail was delivered from there by their postmaster to the local residents of this community. Then in 1882, Major Gorham G. Kimball and a man named J.C. Tyler sold 640 acres of land to woman named Mary Wright who bought the land for grazing purposes. The following year, A.R. Eldridge was still the teacher of this community who enrolled thirty-seven students at that time into his class.

In April of 1885, the agricultural scene at Kimball Plains changed a little when the discovery of a quartz ledge was made at Kimball's stock range, and the Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, reprinted the following article from the Red Bluff Sentinel newspaper of Red Bluff:

"New Discovery - Major Kimball and Will Lunning returned last evening from the Bald Hills country, where they have been for several days surveying the outside lines of the Major's  stock ranch, preparatory to fencing the entire tract. While surveying they ran across a quartz ledge, and knocked off some rock, which they brought with them to be examined by experts and possibly sent to San Francisco  to be assayed. For outside, surface rock, it looks very good, and in fact, native silver can be detected with the naked eye. The rock looks like croppings that come from the Bully Choop mines. The Major further states that frost cooked the leaves on oak trees, and great damage was done to fruits of all kinds. - Red Bluff Sentinel."

Kimball Plains wasn't known as a mining community, but mainly it was settled for agricultural purposes, and when the assessments of the ore returned the ore wasn't as lucrative as Kimball & Lunning hoped for. The mining excitement ceased and it did not create a new boom to the area. During the 1890s, Franz Venzke, a native of Germany, settled at Kimball Plains as a farmer with his wife Sally (Alberg) Venzke.

Then in September of 1894, the Kimball Plains Schoolhouse caught fire and burned down. After the fire, the students were transferred to the Cottonwood school to advance their education. In February of 1901, this excerpt of an article from the Red Bluff Daily News newspaper of Red Bluff reported the following news:

"Within the past few days parties representing two large oil companies from the East, one from Massachusetts the other of Pennsylvania have been trying to secure the sheep range of Major G.G. Kimball, located about thirty miles north-west of this place in what is known as the Bald Hills of Shasta County, and comprising of something like 5500 to 6000 acres for the purpose of boring oil. Their proposition to him, as it was learned, was to sink wells on the place at their own expense and offering him large inducements for the privilege, believing from their experts' opinions that a gusher will be unearthed on these lands."

Just like the earlier mining excitement, this discovery ceased action as well. The Bald Hills didn't produce a lucrative oil strike as it was originally opined by the experts. Major Gorham G. Kimball held onto his land, and there was no new boom to the area of Kimball Plains. During that same year, local resident Franz Venzke was remarried to Mary Rockhold. Then in 1912, Venzke's eldest daughter was married at the home of the bride's father at Kimball Plains to William B. Moore. Beside's being a farmer, Franz Venzke, was also a land owner who kept buying numerous pieces of land in the area.

The Kimball School District was re-established on November 14, 1916, after a new schoolhouse was erected for their community that year. This school was located on the north side of Gas Point Road just east of Dry Creek and it was their second and last schoolhouse. In 1920, Mrs. Gertrude Carter was the teacher of the Kimball schoolhouse.

By February of 1920, Franz Venzke had purchased an additional eight hundred acres of land near Gas Point which gave him a total of 2,000 acres in that section of the county. There is also a story which was heralded by the Blue Lake Advocate newspaper of Blue Lake, California about the Kimball school and it describes the following account:

"Borrowed Children Keep Shasta School Alive - Redding (Shasta Co.) Jan. 26., Kimball Plains School District, four miles west of Cottonwood has a $1,500 school house but no children of school age within its boarders. Mrs. Alice Stone, teacher, keeps up the school and saves the district by "borrowing" school children from neighboring districts and taking them to school every day in her automobile. There is a fresh crop of children now under school age, coming up in Kimball Plains district and there will be no trouble another year to maintain the school with the district product." (SIC)

Franz Venzke lived in the area until his death in November of 1946. He is buried in the Cottonwood Cemetery. Two years later, the Kimball schoolhouse closed down due to poor attendance. Today, not much is left of this early settlement. However, Kimball Plains Road just off Gas Point Road retains the name of this former community.



The Kimball schoolhouse at Kimball Plains. Teacher: Inez (Moore) Ruddy with her students, circa 1945. Courtesy of Shasta Historical Society.



RESOURCES:

The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, December 31, 1881

Our Schools - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, March 3, 1883

New Discovery - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, April 25, 1885

The Red Bluff Daily News newspaper of Red Bluff, September 29, 1894

Eastern Oil Companies Looking This Way - The Red Bluff Daily News newspaper of Red Bluff, February 22, 1901

Sheep Feed Burned Out - The Red Bluff Daily News newspaper of Red Bluff, July 19, 1901

Major Kimball Answers Summons - The Red Bluff Daily News newspaper of Red Bluff, December 22, 1904

Shasta Couple Marry - The Sacramento Union newspaper of Sacramento, June 25, 1912

Shasta County Ranch Sold - The Sacramento Union newspaper of Sacramento, February 18, 1920

Cottonwood School Ends Spring Term - The Red Bluff Daily News newspaper of Red Bluff, April 20, 1920

Borrowed Children Keep Shasta School Alive - The Blue Lake Advocate newspaper of Blue Lake, January 31, 1931

Way Back When - Myrtle McNamar, published by C.A.T. Publishing of Redding, California, 1952. 282 pages.

School Districts of Shasta County 1853-1955 compiled by Veronica Satorius

History of the State of California and Biographical Record of the Sacramento Valley, California. An Historical Story of the State's Marvelous from its earliest settlement to the Present Time. By Prof. J.M. Guinn, A.M. The Chapman Publishing Company, Chicago, Ill. © 1906

Franz Venzke: Find A Grave Memorial

U.S., Appointments of U.S. Postmasters, 1832-1971

A Journey Through Time: Ono and the Bald Hills by Jeremy M. Tuggle, with an introduction by Al M. Rocca; copyright 2008, published by Preserving Memories, in Charlotte, North Carolina. ISBN Number: 978-0-9742576-8-6

Thursday, March 12, 2020

NORTHERN CALIFORNIA COUNTIES AND THEIR BOUNDARIES 1850-1880


Northern California Counties 1850-1880


Shasta County was created on February 18, 1850, as one of the original twenty-seven counties of California. However, California wasn't admitted into the Union until September 9, 1850, becoming the 31st state. Shasta County is older than the state of California. Here is what Shasta County looked like between the years: 1850 and 1880, after many changes to its boundary lines as new counties were created. 


Thursday, March 5, 2020

HAMDEN HOLMES NOBLE AND HIS CONTRIBUTIONS TO SHASTA COUNTY

Hamden Holmes Noble was a son of James W. Noble, a farmer of Somerset County, Maine. Hamden was born in that county at Fairfield on August 16, 1844. This is where he earned his education. Later, he relocated to San Francisco where he first registered to vote in 1866. At that time, Noble was employed as a clerk. He married his wife Grace Chalmers on July 27, 1871, and their wedding was performed by the Reverend L. Walker, in San Francisco. During this union three children were born to them:

1. Grace (Noble) Johnson (1870-1957) married Edwin V.D. Johnson (Edwin V.D. Johnson was the manager/superintendent of the Northern California Power Company, Johnson and his wife Grace lived in Redding from 1903-1910.) 

2. Nora (Noble) Mead (1880-1935) married Ernest E. Mead.

3. Hebe (Noble) Grolle-Crawford (1896-1950) married 1st: Grolle, first name unknown, then she married 2nd: John Crawford. 





Above: Hamden Holmes Noble (1844-1929) poses for a photograph. Courtesy of Shasta Historical Society. 


Later on, Noble became a stockbroker and then he established the Keswick Electric Power Company in 1900 to provide the Iron Mountain Copper Company’s smelter at Keswick with hydro electric power, and later the Balaklala Consolidated Copper Company at Coram. This is when they created Nora Lake near Shingletown which was named after his second daughter, Nora (Noble) Mead (1880-1935). It was a combined fore-bay and storage reservoir for the Volta Powerhouse. This company was renamed as the Northern California Power Company in 1902, and Noble became its president.

Noble would often stay at his daughter’s house in Redding when they made trips to check on their properties in Shasta County. However, Noble felt it was time to build a summer resort for his family to use at Shingletown. In January of 1903, the Northern California Power Company fenced off all the property they owned in Shingletown. Two months later, the Northern California Power Company relocated their office into the north-west room of the Lorenz hotel in Redding.



Above: The headquarters of the Northern California Power Company inside the north-west room of the Lorenz hotel in Redding on Yuba Street. This postcard image was taken between the years: 1904 and 1915. From the collection of Jeremy Tuggle. 

Later that year, a two-story building called Noble’s Bungalow was erected by Hamden H. Noble who utilized the native rocks and stones from the bluff it was built upon, near Shingletown. It had a beautiful view of the Manton Valley below it. It featured a circular design to it and the roof was made of wood. The structure included a square tower and a wide porch supported by stone pillars around the tower. It was a two-story building with the downstairs being one large room which featured a circular fireplace. The upstairs included three wedge shaped bedrooms. 

There was a second building on the property which was used as a kitchen and a servants headquarters. There was also a stable on site as well. Noble installed a pipe in the structure which conveyed fresh water from a nearby spring. The Noble family used this structure as a summer resort when they came north to Shasta County so they didn't have to stay at his daughter's residence in Redding all the time. It was also known as the Castle in the Sky and Noble’s Castle. 



Above: this undated photograph shows Noble's Bungalow which was erected in 1903. It was also known as Castle in the Sky and Noble's Castle. Courtesy of Shasta Historical Society. 

A secondary fore-bay and storage reservoir for the Volta Powerhouse called Grace Lake was created in 1906, approximately one mile north of Nora Lake. It was named after Noble’s eldest daughter, Grace (Noble) Johnson (1870-1957). Two of his three daughters received man made lakes named after them while Hebe didn’t receive one in her honor, at least in Shasta County. 

In 1917, a forest fire gutted the castle. It also destroyed the secondary building and the stable on the property. After the fire, the Noble family returned to the property and they were surprised to see parts of the structure still standing. Later on, his wife Grace died in 1927, and her husband survived her by two years when he died on December 19, 1929 at San Francisco. He was also the founder of the Cypress Lawn Memorial Park in San Mateo County, California where he is buried with his wife. 

The tower and the fireplace remained standing in 1959. It then began a slow deterioration process which made it crumble to the ground. Today, the only remains at the site are a pile of rocks from the castle like structure. A historic plaque was dedicated on July 10, 1988, by the Mt. Lassen Historical Society (now the Shingletown Historical Society), Pacific Gas & Electric Company, and the Trinitarianus Chapter 62 of the E. Clampus Vitus. 




Above: An unidentified boy stands near the center of the circular fire place of Noble's Bungalow. Circa 1955. Courtesy of Shasta Historical Society. 




Above: the remains of Noble's Bungalow. Circa 1955. Courtesy of Shasta Historical Society. 



Above: Noble's Bungalow historic plaque dedicated July 10, 1988 by the Mt. Lassen Historical Society, P.G.& E., and the Trinitarianus Chapter #62 of E. Clampus Vitus. Photograph taken by Jeremy Tuggle on August 18, 2019. 




Above: the ruins of Noble's Bungalow. Photograph taken by Jeremy Tuggle on August 18, 2019. 




Above: a different view of the ruins of Noble's Bungalow. Photograph taken by Jeremy Tuggle on August 18, 2019. 



Above: after a long days work, Jeremy Tuggle poses for a photograph next to the historic plaque for Noble's Bungalow. This photograph was taken by Gabriel Leete on August 18, 2019. 




RESOURCES:

1860 U.S. Census

1870 U.S. Census

California Voter Register, 1866

Married - Daily Alta California newspaper of San Francisco, August 1, 1871

1880 U.S. Census

1900 U.S. Census

The Searchlight newspaper of Redding, January 4, 1903.

The Searchlight newspaper of Redding, January 14, 1903

The Searchlight newspaper of Redding, January 18, 1903 

The Searchlight newspaper of Redding, February 28, 1903

The Searchlight newspaper of Redding, March 10, 1903

The Searchlight newspaper of Redding, March 31, 1903

The Searchlight newspaper of Redding, April 3, 1903

The Searchlight newspaper of Redding, April 11, 1903

The Searchlight newspaper of Redding, April 23, 1903

The Searchlight newspaper of Redding, April 30, 1903

The Searchlight newspaper of Redding, May 8, 1903

Getting Ready For A Great Smelter At the Balaklala - The Searchlight newspaper of Redding, May 10, 1903

The Free Press newspaper of Redding, August 14, 1903

1910 U.S. Census

1920 U.S. Census

Hamden H. Holmes in the California Death Index, 1905-1939

Death Ends Long And Useful Life Of H.H. Noble - The Sausalito News newspaper of Sausalito, December 20, 1929

The Covered Wagon 1954, published annually by Shasta Historical Society

Here’s A Castle Ruin Not In Europe by Isabel Bedynek - The Sacramento Bee newspaper of Sacramento, October 18, 1959

VF 729. Noble’s Castle, on file at the Shasta Historical Society

The Covered Wagon 1975, published annually by Shasta Historical Society

Where The ‘ELL Is Shingletown? The Shingletown Story By Marion V. Allen ©1979 Printed by Press Room Inc., Redding, California, Pages 81.

Monday, February 17, 2020

A REDDING BUSINESS MAN, MANLEY MORRISON BROWN

A farmer by the name of Ephraim Brown, and his wife Lorilla (Lillie) Brown, brought their family out west from Cortland County, New York in 1866 and they settled at French Gulch, Shasta County, California. Ephraim continued to pursue his career as a farmer at their new place. Ephraim and Lorilla remained in French Gulch. Ephraim died in 1875 and his wife Lorilla died in 1901, they are both buried in the French Gulch Cemetery. To this union, seven children were born between 1825 and 1844, respectfully. Five males and two females. Their names are the following:

1. Elsie Brown (1825-1907) married Alfred G. Bennett

2. William L. Brown (1830-1915) (Was a butcher at Redding and a resident of French Gulch in 1880.)

3. Zenas Lillie Brown (1830-?) married Louise Bastraum (Was a ferryman at Buckeye in 1877.)

4. Morrill Clay Brown (1833-?) (Was a farmer at French Gulch in 1880.)

5. Cyenas L. Brown (1836-?) (Was a farmer in French Gulch in 1880.)

6. Manley Morrison Brown (1838-1901) married Lucetta Russell

7. Caroline Brown (1844-1927) married William Watson

While some of their grown children wanted to mine for gold. French Gulch was a booming mining community and gold fever was strong there during the late 1860s, which also had a mining district named after the town. Manley Morrison Brown, who is the main subject of this article, was born on February 22, 1838 in New York. He married his wife Lucetta Russell in 1864. Then he registered to vote on April 20, 1867, in French Gulch at the age of twenty-nine. This is where he lived and worked as a miner mining for gold.

Three years later, Brown is living with his own family in Lewiston, Trinity County, California where he was working as a laborer in a local market. At that time, Manley and Lucetta had a daughter born to them named Ella. Manley’s older brother William was also living with them, at the age of forty, and he was noted as a cattle driver.


Above: an advertisement for Manley Morrison Brown's Bakery and Saloon at Reading (Redding), California. From the August 8, 1878, edition of the Reading Independent newspaper of Redding.

By the age of thirty-six, in 1875, Manley was employed as a ferryman and living at the town of Buckeye with his family, minus William Brown. His career as a ferryman was short lived and his family relocated to Redding. Two years later, Manley opened a bakery on the corner of Market and Tehama Streets in Redding. His bakery was called M.M. Brown's Bakery and Saloon.

Manley M. Brown sold delicious cakes and pies which he made fresh himself. Brown was also in competition with some of the saloons in town because he also served alcohol, cigars and the locally renowned Yreka Beer at his bar inside the bakery. Then on September 5, 1878, the Reading Independent newspaper reported the following:

"Manly Brown has sold his dwelling, saloon and bakery to Grittner,of Igo. Manly made a nice profit on this trade, but we doubt if he can put the sum received - $2,000 - where it will do more good. We understand that Mr. G. is a first-class baker." (SIC)

While in Redding his daughter Ella attended the Redding Public School. After he sold his business he took some time to travel locally visiting family and friends in French Gulch and Shingletown. Then on, October 2, 1879, the local newspaper mentioned the following transaction involving Manley Morrison Brown:

"B.H Scott has sold his business to M.M. Brown and Hank Whitmore - both enterprising men." (SIC) Brown and Whitmore were now the owners of a new meat market in Redding called the “New Meat Market!”. They sold fresh beef, pork, mutton, pork and corned beef. They were located on Market Street one door south of the Good Templars hall.


Above: the “New Meat Market!” proprietors: Brown & Whitmore. This advertisement is from the October 2, 1879 edition of the Reading Independent newspaper of Redding. 


Later on, in February of 1880, Brown purchased Frank Whitmore's interest and became the sole owner of this meat market in Redding. At the time he was running a first-class butcher shop and he decided to bring in his older brother William L. Brown to assist him. It was William who superintended the business affairs in the shop while he lived in French Gulch.

By the time the 1880 U.S. Census was enumerated on June 4, 1880, they had resettled in a house on Pine Street. Manley lived there with his wife Lucetta, daughter Ella, and their young sons Lewis and Dewit. He also had a servant living in the household by the name of Belle Mallom who was also a cook. It’s more than likely that Manley’s young sons attended school in Redding as well, like his daughter did.

By 1886, Manley relocated his family from Redding to Sims in the Sacramento River Canyon and he became a merchant there. Sims was a little community sometimes referred to as Southern. Later on, Manley relocated his family north to Dunsmuir, in Siskiyou County.

Then in July of 1900, Dunsmuir had a destructive fire that caused approximately $12,000 in damages and he lost his home and an additional building that he owned in that ravaging fire. Both of his places were covered by insurance. The following year, the pioneer died on July 24, 1901 at the age of sixty-three. He is buried in the Dunsmuir City Cemetery next to his wife, Lucetta, who survived him and died in 1914.




Above: Brown burial plot at the Dunsmuir City Cemetery. Photograph taken by Jeremy Tuggle on May 14, 2016.


Above: the headstone of Manley Morrison Brown and Lucetta (Russell) Brown at Dunsmuir City Cemetery. Photograph by Jeremy Tuggle on May 14, 2016.


RESOURCES:


California Voters Register, 1866

California Voters Register, 1867

1870 U.S. Census

California Voters Register, 1875

1880 U.S. Census

California Voters Register, 1886

The Reading Independent newspaper of Redding, August 8, 1878

The Reading Independent newspaper of Redding, September 5, 1878

The Reading independent newspaper of Redding, October 17, 1878

The Reading Independent newspaper of Redding, April 17, 1879

The Reading Independent newspaper of Redding, September 3, 1879

The Reading Independent newspaper of Redding, October 2, 1879

School Report - The Reading Independent newspaper of Redding, December 11, 1879

The Reading Independent newspaper of Redding, February 6, 1880

Costly Fire At Dunsmuir - The Press Democrat newspaper of Santa Rosa, July 18, 1900

Mrs. Brown, Pioneer, Dies In Dunsmuir - The Sacramento Union newspaper of Sacramento, June 10, 1914




Monday, January 13, 2020

The Demolition of the Trinity Lutheran Church at 1550 Chestnut Street in Redding


1550 Chestnut Street, property of Trinity Lutheran Church of Redding covered in snow, photograph taken by Jeremy Tuggle on November 26, 2019.



The little church at 1550 Chestnut Street which is the property of the Trinity Lutheran Church of Redding, and originally built for the Seventh Day Adventist Church which dates back to 1938 has been demolished, this morning, January 13, 2020. Trinity Lutheran Church purchased the property in August of 1939. It was demolished due to a $2,000 fire that damaged the building on October 27, 2019.





Above demolition photo 1, looking west from Chestnut Street. This photograph was taken by Jeremy Tuggle on 1/13/2020




Above: demolition photo 2. This photograph was taken by Jeremy Tuggle on 1/13/2020.



Above: demolition photo 3. This photograph was taken by Jeremy Tuggle on 1/13/2020.



Above: demolition photo 4, looking west on Chestnut Street in Redding. This photograph was taken by Jeremy Tuggle on 1/13/2020.





A video showing the demolition of 1550 Chestnut Street in Redding, California. Filmed by Jeremy Tuggle, 1-13-2020.





Resources:
1938 City of Redding Directory