Friday, October 18, 2019

The Wedding Photograph of George G. Tuggle and Maud (Turner) Tuggle, 1900.

L-R: George Griffin Tuggle and his wife Maud (Turner) Tuggle, pose for their wedding photo. Taken by W.O. Amsden.

This photograph has quite the story... it was found by a non relative in a salvage shop (antiques and things) in Berkeley, California this last week. So she purchased the photograph. The image was inscribed on the back as to who the couple were. The discoverer then took it home to try to find their family online and through, the discoverer was then placed in contact with a distant cousin of mine. My relative told her about me and that I am a historian in Shasta County who works for the Shasta Historical Society, the cousin then said it should go to Jeremy. After that, she found my works website online and emailed me about it telling me the unique story behind this photograph and asking me if I would like to have the original. So, of course, I said yes! Today it arrived in the mail.

This is the first photograph my family has acquired of my paternal great-great-great uncle George Griffin Tuggle (1870-1955), and the second photograph of his wife Maude (Turner) Tuggle (1872-1974) that we have. The other picture of Maud is her at a later age.

George and Maud were married in Manton, California on December 24, 1900, this is their wedding photograph taken in Redding by local photographer W.O. Amsden who was an active photographer in the area between 1899 and 1900. See his label on the lower right hand corner. George G. Tuggle’s occupation was a farmer and a millwright.

George Griffin Tuggle is a son of William Harvey Tuggle and Melinda (Ferrel) Tuggle, and Maud is the daughter of Jacob Turner and Nora Turner.  George and Maud had an infant male baby who was born in 1901 and died in 1901. Their infant male baby is buried in the Mountain Home Cemetery near Shingletown. George G. Tuggle and Maud (Turner) Tuggle are buried in the Evergreen Cemetery, in Oakland, California. It appears that the hand writing on the back of the photograph is Maud’s writing. 

This year has been a very good year so far for recovering photographs of the Tuggle family, I’m pretty stoked about it!

The back of the photograph with the original inscription, plus a sticky note from the discoverer of the photograph.

Thursday, October 3, 2019

From Shingle Camp to Shingletown

Above: an early photograph of Shingletown. From the collection of Jeremy Tuggle.

Shingletown was first called Shingle Camp, it was established in 1848 as a tent community, and its name derives from the first production of shingles and shakes in Shasta County. Due to the abundance of sugar pine and cedar trees the lumber was easily placed into production. There are numerous creeks which flow through and around the settlement. One of them is Ash Creek which retains its name from the numerous Ash Trees growing along its channel, and because of the ash like soil at the mouth of the creek. (Brand Spring is the head of Ash Creek, which receives its name from Harriett Brand who sold her property along the headwaters of Ash Creek to the Northern California Power Company in 1899.)

Another creek is Baldwin Creek which retains its name after an early pioneer settler named James H. Baldwin who camped on its channel in the early 1850s. Local historian, Myrtle McNamar relates in her book "Way Back When", that Battle Creek was formerly called Nozi Creek (Nosa), due to a small Indian tribe of the same name that formerly lived on this channel near Bloody Island. In 1845 the name was changed to Battle Creek after a battle occurred there between the European-Americans and the local Indians. The small Indian tribe was killed during the battle.

Other notable creeks are: Bear Creek which was named after the numerous grizzlies, black and cinnamon bear dens in the pioneer days that covered this creek. Lack Creek, a tributary to Bear Creek, named for an early pioneer settler by the name of DeMarcus F. Lack who resided on its channel, and Millseat Creek, a tributary of Battle Creek, retains its name after the first sawmill in the area. The mill sat upon this channel. It also supplied the McCumber sawmill and later the Klotz sawmill with water. Shingle Creek is another channel which retains its name after the first production of shingle and shakes in the area.

The first settler of Shingle Camp was an European-American by the name of Charles B. Ogburn who settled on the plateau in a tent in 1848. Additional men followed suit due to the abundance of lumber the area offered. However, his time spent upon the ridge was cut short as he traveled back home to Forsyth County, North Carolina. He later returned to the area with a younger sibling by the name of John W. Ogburn sometime between 1852 and 1853. Charles eventually returned to his former home and he resided there until his death in 1873. John W. Ogburn stayed in Shasta County, married and raised a large family in the area.

During the year 1850, two men named James M. King and Thomas Asbury arrived and settled at Shingle Camp. Together they continued the production of shingles and shakes at that place along Shingle Creek. Some historians credit them with being the first to produce them. Two years after their arrival, the Nobles Emigrant Trail passed through Shingle Camp. This trail was the most popular route traveled by the early pioneers as they ventured into Shasta County heading west from distant places. The route which was named for William H. Noble and discovered by him remained active until the 1860s.

Pioneer resident Abraham Cunningham was quoted as saying “…a forest primeval consisting of the greatest stand of pine and sugar pine the world has ever known stood from Manton to Whitmore and from Inwood to the base of the High Sierras.

This area become the nucleus of the lumber industry for many years. Sawmills existed elsewhere in Shasta County, but it was this area and along the Shingletown Ridge that boomed. The lumber industry began in 1844 at Balls Ferry, and it was the second industry created in this county.

Pictured: L-R: Pioneers Abraham Cunningham and his wife Samantha Cunningham. Courtesy of Shasta Historical Society.

Records indicate that the first sawmill erected in the area was the McCumber sawmill which was built by a millwright with the surname of Wiemer and owned by George W. McCumber. It was located beside Mill Creek. The second sawmill followed in 1853, it was a lumberman by the name of Jim Dry who claimed ownership of a sawmill at Sugar Pine Gulch near Shingletown.

He hired two millwrights, John W. Dinsmore and Mariman Ferrel, to build a water-powered mill like its predecessor, which he named the Dry Mill, after himself and perhaps as an ironic nod to its power source. Construction was completed in 1853 and a 100-foot long flume towered above the mill pouring water into a 90-foot over-shot water wheel. Ferrel is the authors’ paternal great-great-great-great uncle.

In order to power the water wheel a ditch was dug from Shingle Creek to convey water from the creek to the mill, about a half-mile distance.

The first source that I have located during my research which uses the name Shingletown but spelled as Shingle Town was written by John A. Driebelbis in a lengthy article about the Nobles Emigrant Trail which was printed in the Shasta Courier newspaper in November of 1853. Driebelbis also mentions that the Jack Hill ranch was located at Deer Flat. This supports the fact that by this date the name Shingle Camp was no longer used by its residents. Driebelbis wasn’t a resident of the community, but he did reside in Shasta County, however, he was a traveler who had been over the route four different times and knew the route well. He also wrote down notes during each journey over this pass.

By 1854, a general merchandise store was erected by John Freeland at Shingletown. This store was in the center of the community. All kinds of trade and sales were conducted here, and business was successful. Then on, September 2, 1854, the Shasta Courier newspaper heralded the following account about the McCumber sawmill;

Joyous Tidings - Let the bachelors of this region rejoice, for behold we bring them glad and joyous tidings. Among the emigrants now stopping temporarily on the Noble route, thirty or forty from this place (Shasta), as well as among those who have not yet reached that point, there are a goodly number of beautiful and marriageable young ladies. Indeed we hear that the tones of the “light guitar” struck by fairy-like fingers, and strains of the richest melody, warbled forth from fairy-like throaths in loving words pronounced by fair-like lips, every night by the “pale moonlight”, awake the echoes of the brave old forests where the emigrants are now sojourning. It may be slightly foreign to the subject to remark in this connection, that we have some idea of making a trip out to McCumber’s sawmill, on the Noble route, in the course of a few days. We go, we would have it understood, for the sole purpose of seeing how the land lies- and making examination of its adaptability to “stock-raising”.” (SIC)

Another column printed the same day as the above article states:

The Emigration - We are informed that a very large number of emigrants, just arrived from the plains, are now stopping in the vicinity of McCumber’s Mill and Jack Hill’s Ranch. They have a great quantity of stock with them, which, owing to the abundance of grass on the Noble route, are in fine condition. Several gentleman just returned from the Humboldt, and who went out for the purpose of purchasing cattle, say that the emigrants refuse to sell at anything like reasonable prices, generally asking higher figures than the animals will command in this valley.” (SIC)

Without a doubt, the bachelors of the area were delighted about this emigrant party’s arrival due to the women. One surprising discovery which was made by George W. McCumber in the Shingletown area relates to a vein of coal. The following column was written by the Shasta Courier newspaper on February 10, 1855;

Coal Mine. - Mr. McCumber informs us that he is about making to thoroughly prospect a vein of coal, which he has discovered in the immediate vicinity of the Emigrant Road, and near the McCumber Saw Mill. The vein has already been traced a distance of several miles, the mineral thus far rising above the surface of the earth. In this distance the vein is cut in two by a ravine, discovering the fact it is immense size. None of the coal except that from exposed portions of the vein, has yet been tested. Hence we are not prepared at present to express an opinion as to its quality. The vein is thought to be between four and six feet deep, by twenty-five and thirty wide.” (SIC)

Time away from the McCumber sawmill allowed McCumber to prospect this new discovery further and work the coal mining site. Eventually, the hype around this coal mine died out. After this period, the McCumber sawmill continued its operation under different owners until 1896 when the McCumber sawmill was relocated to Viola and became part of the Vilas sawmill operation owned by Marcellus B. Vilas. After he took control of the sawmill, he sold it to the Red River Lumbering Company.

Prior to 1855 the Dry Mill was sold in various transactions but in 1855 William Hyde of Shasta acquired it. Hyde eventually sold it to a man by the name of Hobson and Hobson sold to William Worth Smith. Smith operated the property until 1858 when he sold it to Millville resident, George C. Woodall. After acquiring the Dry Mill in 1867, a brand-new corporation called the Dry Mill Company was established in Shingletown. The Dry Mill Company continued production of lumber and in 1870 a lumberman named Rudolph Klotz and his partner Sylvanus Leach purchased the Dry Mill from the Dry Mill Company.

Klotz and Leach also erected a new sawmill on the north branch of Battle Creek at Shingletown near Emigrant Road. This mill was a steam-powered mill and they called it the Eureka Mill; Sylvanus Leach having formerly been a resident of Eureka. The history of the Dry Mill, as described in Myrtle McNamar’s book, "Way Back When", is that the machinery was transferred from the Dry Mill to the Eureka Mill when it was erected and the Dry Mill became inactive thereafter, but my research suggests otherwise.

The Shasta Courier reported four years after the Dry Mill supposedly had become inactive that Leach had continued operating the Dry Mill under his ownership; Klotz had apparently sold his interest to a man by the name of Duncan. Klotz and Leach continued operating the Eureka Mill together though. Leach became my great-great-great uncle by marriage due to him marrying Cora Bell Tuggle, a daughter of William H. Tuggle and Melinda (Ferrel) Tuggle on May 28, 1874 in Shingletown. In July of 1874 most of the lumber at the Dry Mill was being cut by timberman using sash saws to fell sugar pine trees instead of the usual cedar trees. The lumberyard of the Dry Mill was kept full and Leach and Duncan sold lumber for $11 per M. Likely the Dry Mill had not ceased operation but relied on man-power to produce lumber after the mechanical equipment was transferred to the Eureka Mill.

At the Eureka Mill Klotz and Leach employed fifty men and they were able to achieve the same operational capacity as the Defiance Mill and the Moscow Mill, producing around 90,000 feet of lumber per day. Sylvanus Leach and Rudolph Klotz sold the Eureka Mill to the Sierra Flume and Lumber Company and in May of 1877 the Sierra Flume and Lumber Company constructed a small flume from the Eureka Mill, merging it with a larger flume in the area. When the new addition was completed lumber from this sawmill was shipped down the flume south towards Red Bluff. Lumber from the Eureka Mill sold for prices between $12 and $30 per M. The Eureka Mill was one of the largest sawmills in the Shingletown area and included a company store and a telegraph office on its property.

The Dry Mill was one of the oldest sawmills in the Shingletown area before it entered a long period of dormancy and inactivity. It became an abandoned sawmill but in 1900 the Dry Mill was still standing.  In 1916 the Dry Mill collapsed. By 1950 only the remnants of the 90-foot water wheel remained on the property, as described in Myrtle McNamar’s publication, "Way Back When". McNamar visited the site of the Eureka Mill in 1896 and noted only the foundation of the building and the log drive still existed.

While Shingletown was booming and becoming popular with lumberman, a new sawmill was built in 1856 by Rudolph Klotz who erected a water-powered mill on the outskirts of Shingletown, at the present site of Nora Lake and it was a successful sawmill. Additional sawmills would be erected in the area complete with boarding houses for their crew, and company stores on sawmill sites. Later, some sawmills were operated by horsepower.

A large part of the Nobles Emigrant Trail in Shasta County was declared by the Board of Supervisors which led from the original site of the McCumber sawmill leading out of Shasta County to Honey Lake in Lassen County and to the state line as a public highway by them on May 4, 1857. Improvements to the emigrant road were made by John A. Driebelbis, that year. Also, other resources claim that the Sierra Township was established in 1861, but that is incorrect, as I found listings of township officers being elected in September of 1857 which was printed by the Republican newspaper of Shasta. It claimed that S.D. Baker and G.W. McCumber were elected as Justices of the Peace and F. Strong and S. Parks were elected as Constables of that township, this township might predate 1857 as well. Future township officers would be elected for the area as its population grew.

Above: Pioneer Lewis Thomas exercised his squatting rights by filing this deed on January 1, 1866 at Marysville in Yuba County but the property was located in Shingletown just off the Nobels Emigrant Trail at the head of Ash Creek. Later, he sold the property to William H. Tuggle and Melinda (Ferrel) Tuggle. From the collection of Jeremy Tuggle.

Above: Shingletown appears on the 1884 Map of Shasta County. The property of  William H. Tuggle at the head of Ash Creek (now Brand Spring) is shown near the new Thomas place and Baldwin properties. This photograph was taken by Jeremy Tuggle.

Then in, 1862, my paternal great-great-great grandparents, William Harvey Tuggle and Melinda (Ferrel) Tuggle brought their family west over the Nobles Emigrant Trail from Keokuk, Lee County, Iowa. Their first night in the area spent at Mountain Home which was a lodging place in the Shingletown area. They had four children born to them between 1851 and 1860. Four more children were born to them between 1863 and 1871, after their arrival in California.

They eventually continued into Shasta the next day. William H. Tuggle was a teamster and farmer. The Tuggle family first purchased property in Tehama County during the 1860s and lived there until 1870. The Tuggle family relocated to Shingletown after William H. Tuggle and his wife Melinda (Ferrel) Tuggle purchased the Charles Baker place on Battle Creek, seven miles east of Shingletown in the spring of 1870. They enhanced the property by erecting a house and barn. Yet, their house and barn were burned down in a wildfire in October of 1870. The family lost most of their personal heirlooms they brought across with them on their journey west in 1862, at that time. Very few items survived the fire.

After the fire the Tuggle property at that location became abandoned until 1880 when John Daily moved onto the property and made improvements to it. The first of two Tuggle properties along Ash Creek were sold to William H. Tuggle and Melinda (Ferrel) Tuggle on April 24, 1872, when they purchased the Lewis Thomas property. They lived here until December 12, 1883 when they sold the place to E.H. Ward and G.R. Marlen. During the interim of the eleven years spent on the above property they erected a large two-story house made of the finest lumber, a barn, and a milk house. They also planted an apple orchard. This property was located east of the Dry Mill.

The Tuggle family's second property was on lower Ash Creek. Both properties appear on the official 1884 map of Shasta County, which was approved by the Shasta County Board of Supervisors on October 6, 1884. However, his surname is found as Taggle and Tuggle on this map. Deeds to the properties both show that William H. Tuggle and Melinda (Ferrel) Tuggle owned them. The surname was never corrected on the official Shasta County map. After selling out to E.H. Ward and G.R. Marlen, William H. Tuggle and Melinda (Ferrel) Tuggle purchased the John E. Krooks property five miles east of Shingletown at the mouth of Millseat Creek in 1884 and they remained there.

Above: on the lower left hand corner along Ash Creek is the William H. Tuggle property on lower Ash Creek. The surname is misspelled as Taggle. From the 1884 Map of Shasta County. This photograph taken by Jeremy Tuggle.

In 1871, John Freeland sold his establishment to John McCarley, who enhanced the building and store with new features. This building was now a two-story wooden structure and it contained twelve rooms. McCarley also became a business partner with Albert Smith and together they established the McCarley and Smith General Merchandise, Trading Post and Hotel. Their enterprise flourished with success. In addition, McCarley and Smith sold dry goods, groceries, boots, shoes, clothing, wines, liquors and cigars. Freight of all kind were freighted in-and-out of Shingletown on a weekly basis. Years later in 1905, it was destroyed by fire. It was rebuilt and enlarged, almost on the same property as the original building. Shingletown also featured a saloon which got rowdy at times, and a community barn complete with hay and grain, but it lacked a livery stable.

During the interim years of 1860 and 1890, James M. King continued making shingles and shakes in the area but most of his profits from the lumber went towards new equipment and the building of a blacksmith shop he had constructed. Also, money was placed into blacksmithing after his building was erected. He conducted the blacksmith shop with his two sons Jesse King and Atticus King in this bustling community until the 1890s. This building was a two-story structure. The first floor was used as a blacksmith shop while the second story was used as a dance hall. James M. King also became a property owner at Shingletown and sold off additional properties at later dates.

Another popular location for dancing was at the residence of John W. Ogburn inside the Ogburn family barn. Music was often rendered by live bands or solo musicians at both places. It was a community affair but some of the regular attendees at the Ogburn barn were the Tuggle family, Williamson sisters, Klotz family, McClain family, Lack family, Boots family, Aldridge family, and the Thatcher sisters. George G. Tuggle a son of William H. Tuggle and Melinda (Ferrel) Tuggle recalled this from memory in Myrtle McNamar's book, "Way Back When".

When Shingletown resident Rudolph Klotz ran for the state Assembly in 1873 the name of the township was changed from the Sierra Township to the Shingletown township. Shingletown casted votes for Klotz in the tally of sixty-nine, and a tally of ten for his opponent Isaacs. When the news was confirmed in October of 1873, that Klotz won the election to the Assembly the community gathered together and celebrated by firing off anvils, Henry rifles, revolvers, and by cheering their new Assemblyman. After the celebration was over the locals formed a procession and marched to Klotz’s residence and congratulated him about his win. At Klotz’s residence he invited the locals to come inside his home and he hosted them as they continued celebrating with wine and refreshments that night.

Then on, November 22, 1873, fire destroyed the Klotz’s Door and Sash Factory, which was owned by Rudolph Klotz. Two millwrights by the surname of Ware & Lang erected this building for Klotz in 1869. Since that time, it was under the supervision of Lang who was acting as superintendent of the place. The fire which destroyed the property which ignited from a coal oil lamp. It was used for the purpose of keeping glue hot for the use of putting chairs together. Two of Klotz’s employees had just refilled the coal oil lamp. Klotz’s sawmill building situated near the factory and connected by railways together with the immense stacks of lumber was saved by the opposite direction that the wind was blowing. Or else it would have been destroyed by fire as well. Rudolph Klotz estimated the loss close to $30,000 in damages.

Another important date in the history of Shingletown is June 24, 1874, when the community was approved for a post office which was established by the postal service headquarters in Washington D.C., it was John McCarley who was appointed by them as the very first postmaster of the Shingletown post office. Now the residents were able to send and receive mail. McCarley’s store housed the first post office.

Above: the Klotz Mill Schoolhouse was located near the Klotz’s Door and Sash Factory, circa 1890. It was established on May 10, 1872. Additional nearby schoolhouses were the following: Bear Creek School, Inwood School at Inwood, Sierra School, Mountain Home School, Thatcher Mill School on Bear Creek, and the Sheridan School on Shingle Creek. Of course they all operated at different times. Courtesy of Shasta Historical Society.

The Shingletown hotel kept a successful business until 1923, when Benjamin F. Loomis purchased the hostelry, at that time Loomis relocated the building to Viola. At Viola the name of this impressive building was renamed as the Viola Resort. It was then destroyed by fire in 1953.  Shingletown is now a quiet community nestled in the hills below Mount Lassen. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, it had an estimate of 2,283 people living in the town.

Above: a photograph of Shingletown with the Shingletown hotel on the right. This is the building that Benjamin F. Loomis purchased and relocated to Viola. From the collection of Jeremy Tuggle.

With an escalating population comes new businesses, even though they come and go. A local historical society was established in 1961 under the name of the Mt. Lassen Historical Society to preserve and collect the history of the Shingletown area. During 1991 the name of this Society was changed to the Shingletown Historical Society and in 2015 a grand celebration was held for the opening of their new museum located at 33187 State Hwy 44 Unit C. If you are passing through the area take some time to explore this museum, and some of the preserved historic sites Shingletown has to offer.

Above: the Billy Smith saw mill on Camp Creek, a small tributary of the north fork of Bear Creek in the Shingletown area. Date unknown. Courtesy of Shasta Historical Society.

Above: is the Shingletown Resort. The date of this photograph is unknown. A Signal Gasoline sign is visible on the right side of the photograph. Courtesy of Shasta Historical Society.


Shasta County Election Returns - The Republican newspaper of Shasta, September 12, 1857

Wagon Road Meeting - The Republican newspaper of Shasta, May 9, 1857

Board of Supervisors - The Republican newspaper of Shasta, May 9, 1857

Improvement of the Honey Lake - The Republican newspaper of Shasta, May 30, 1857

Emigrant Road Meeting - The Republican newspaper of Shasta, June 6, 1857

More Fire - The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, October 29, 1870

The Destruction of Klotz’s Door and Sash Factory – The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, December 6, 1873

EASTERN SHASTA COUNTY – The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, July 25, 1874

Deed Book 12, Page 106 – William H. Tuggle and Wife to E.H. Ward and G.R. Marlen, dated December 12, 1883

Fined – The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, August 22, 1874

Official Vote of Shasta County – The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, September 20, 1873

Jubilee – The Shasta Courier newspaper of Shasta, October 4, 1873

My Playhouse Was A Concord Coach, an anthology of newspaper clippings and documents relating to those who made California history during the years 1822-1888, by Mae Hélène Bacon Boggs. Published by Howell-North Press ©1942

Our Storied Landmarks - Shasta County, California, written and published by May H. Southern ©1942

Shasta County, California A History by Rosena Giles, published by Biobooks, ©1949.

School Districts of Shasta County 1853-1955 compiled by Veronica Satorius 

In the Shadow of the Mountain A Short History of Shasta County, California, by Edward Petersen ©1965

Place Names of Shasta County by Gertrude Steger, published by La Siesta Press, ©1966

U.S., Appointments of U. S. Postmasters, 1832-1971

CHIPS & SAWDUST - ©1978 by Beulah Johnson, published by Shasta Historical Society.

Where The 'Ell Is Shingletown? The Shingletown Story By Marion V. Allen ©1979 Printed by Press Room Inc., Redding, California, Pages 81.

Birth Of the Shasta County lumber industry - by Jeremy M. Tuggle - Record Searchlight newspaper of Redding, January 13, 2017

Selected Sawmills of the Shingletown Area - by Jeremy M. Tuggle - Record Searchlight newspaper of Redding, February 4, 2017

Wednesday, September 25, 2019

California Unearthed: History Of Historic Parkville Pioneer Cemetery - ECV Plaque Dedication

I am featured in the newest episode of California Unearthed with its host Robert Frazier. Watch and learn about the amazing history of Parkville and about the pioneering families who are buried there in the Parkville Pioneer Cemetery. Thanks Robert for allowing me to be on your show. We'll have to collaborate more in the future... subscribe to his YouTube channel today. See below:

Saturday, September 21, 2019

The Dedication Of The Parkville Pioneer Cemetery (9/21/2019)

At 11 A.M., this morning (9-21-2019), the Lassen Loomis Ch. 1914 of the Ancient and Honorable Order Of E. Clampus Vitus along with the Parkville Pioneer Cemetery Board of Trustees dedicated the historic Parkville Pioneer Cemetery with a brand new plaque containing its history and dedicated it to the pioneering families who are buried there, like ours. Yes, the TUGGLE surname is on the plaque! Humbug, Wes Borden of the E. Clampus Vitus led the ceremony.

Above: before the ceremony started. This photograph was taken by Jeremy Tuggle on September 21, 2019.

Above: the inscription reads, “Parkville Pioneer Cemetery Established between 1863-1864. Historic Parkville Pioneer Cemetery is the final resting place for some of the early pioneers who settled in Shasta County. Some of the notable family names are Darrah, Dersch, Lack, Giles, Wilcox, Rolison, Thatcher and Tuggle. Parkville Cemetery was originally part of the Thatcher homestead. Ezekiel Thatcher gave the Parkville Cemetery land to the community around 1863. A portion of the property was officially purchased for the sum of $10 in gold coins from Goodrich Peacock on April 23, 1910. The other portion was purchased for the sum of $10 in gold coins from G.T. Peacock and P.A.V. Peacock on April 20, 1914. The original trustees were Frederick Dersch, Max Lack, Alex Thatcher, Charles Rolison and G.E. Giles. Over the years, many of the grave markers have been lost, damaged or stolen. Descendants of Parkville have celebrated “decoration day”, which became Memorial Day in 1971. We thank all those over the years who have dedicated themselves in maintaining and improving this sacred cemetery.  Dedicated September 21, 2019 By Lassen Loomis Ch. 1914 Of The Ancient And Honorable Order Of E. Clampus Vitus. NGH#18”

Above: the Parkville Pioneer Cemetery. This photograph was taken by Jeremy Tuggle on September 21, 2019.

Above: Humbug, Wes Borden reads the new plaque. This photograph was taken by Jeremy M. Tuggle on September 21, 2019.

Above: Descendants of Shasta County pioneers William Harvey Tuggle and Melinda (Ferrel) Tuggle are standing by their headstone. William and Melinda Tuggle brought their family to Shasta County in 1862 from Keokuk, Lee County, Iowa via Nobles Emigrant Trail. Pictured left to right: Michael J. Tuggle, Richard L. Tuggle and their nephew Jeremy M. Tuggle. This photograph was taken by Robert Frazier on September 21, 2019.

Above: Descendants of Shasta County pioneer William M. Tuggle are standing next to his headstone (the flat one lower left side). William arrived in Shasta County with his parents William Harvey Tuggle and Melinda (Ferrel) Tuggle in 1862. Pictured left to right: Michael J. Tuggle, Richard L. and their nephew Jeremy M. Tuggle. This photograph was taken by Robert Frazier on September 21, 2019.

Above: the dedication of the new plaque with members of the Ancient and Honorable Order Of E. Clampus Vitus. This photograph was taken on September 21, 2019 by Jeremy Tuggle.

Above: Humbug, Wes Borden with local historian and author, Jeremy M. Tuggle. This photograph was taken by Leah Tuggle on September 21, 2019.

Above, L-R: Leah Tuggle, Humbug, Wes Borden, Richard L. Tuggle and Michael J. Tuggle  This photograph was taken by Robert Frazier on September 21, 2019.

Thursday, September 5, 2019

Old Bella Vista Days (October 19th, and 20th, 2019) in Bella Vista

The Bella Vista Volunteer Fire Department and the Shasta Historical Society presents the first annual Old Bella Vista Days on October 19th and 20th in Bella Vista. Bring the family and enjoy the day. Save the dates for Old Bella Vista Days... featuring a classic car show, the Bella Vista Chili Cook Off, vendors and much more! Don’t miss out...  My wife Leah and I are on this committee.

#ShastaHistoricalSociety #OldBellaVistaDays #ShastaHistory #ShastaCounty

Shasta State Historic Park Presents: Pioneer Day (9-7-2019)

Saturday, September 7, 2019 11 A.M., to 3 P.M., in Shasta, California at the Shasta State Historic Park is their annual Pioneer Day, including a Dutch Oven Cook off. Support the Shasta State Historic Park, Fun for all ages and family friendly.... see attached flyer.

Thursday, August 15, 2019

The Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company Building; and the History of the Telephone in Redding

Above: 1629 Market Street in Redding, the Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company building. This photograph taken by Jeremy Tuggle on August 3, 2019.

The building at 1629 Market Street in Redding was the official headquarters of the Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company, which is still in use to this day, according to Redding Electric Utility. This building is located in between Yuba and Placer Streets on the east side of Market Street. This building often attracts the attention of the public regarding its history and use. I’ve received quite a number of inquiries about it over the years and have retold its history each time.

The building itself is a commercial building and has an intriguing architectural design, called Tudor Gothic. The architect of this building was J.P. Brennan who erected the building at a cost of $60,000. The first process towards the erection of this building occurred on March 13, 1926 when a topographical and delineative survey was conducted on the one-hundred-foot lot for the purpose of furnishing information to the architect to design the plans for the building.

Then on April 30, 1926 it was announced by George Wahl, manager, of the Redding Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company, that the plans were completed. Wahl also mentioned to the local media that the actual start of construction would begin in May of that year. It was also reported that their new building was going to be a first-class semi-fireproof one-story structure with a basement.

During May of 1926 the initial construction took place and continued for the next eight months. Then on, January 12, 1927 the building was dedicated, and it opened for business the same day. The Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company was the second telephonic service company in Redding which dates to 1898 when their original location was inside the Swasey building on Yuba Street between Market and California Streets. In 1907, the company relocated into a building at 504 California Street. After spending twenty years in their California Street location their new building on Market Street was ready for them to move in, and on January 12, 1927 it also marked forty-seven years of telephone progress in the City of Redding.

In 1978, the Western Electric Company began operating their business in the basement of this building, according to the City of Redding Directory, this company's time was cut short in this building. During the 1970s the Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company featured a traffic department and a toll department. Both companies utilized this building until 1980. By 1981 the building became vacant after the Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company spent fifty-four years in this building. In 1982, they moved to a new location at 1514 Market Street and their name appeared to be shortened to the Pacific Telephone Company at that time. During the early 1990s AT&T Communications moved into this building, and continued telecommunications in the Redding area.

Above: the Bell System logo on the front entrance to the building of 1629 Market Street in Redding. This photograph was taken by Jeremy Tuggle on August 3, 2019.

Above: the full length front of the building at 1629 Market Street in Redding. A view of the business office in the north-east corner of the building. Customers were able to place local and long distance calls here. This photograph taken by Jeremy Tuggle on August 3, 2019.


A man named Charles E. Berry, a local tinner, installed the first telephone at Redding in 1880. According the 1880 U.S. Census he resided at 216 East Street with his wife Aarilla and their three children. A crude telephonic instrument was invented by Berry who strung a copper telephone line from his house on East Street to his tinnery shop on Yuba Street. 

Now Berry was able to communicate with his family from work each day. By June of 1881, several of these crude telephones were modeled after Berry’s design, which was never patented, but his design was used around Redding. Among the people and businesses who had them were the following: Doctor O.J. Lawry, a physician and surgeon, who installed a telephone line at his residence to connect with the Gleaves and Averill drug store owned by Redding druggist James M. Gleaves, and Redding dentist, George W. Averill.

Harry Parker who was employed as an operator for the Postal Telegraph Company, also installed a telephone line from the Redding railroad depot to the Gleaves and Averill drug store. Telephonic communications in Redding were booming, and everyone wanted to ride the wave.

By 1884, Berry’s design was improved by Redding resident E. Newton Eaton, a brother to Redding druggist James P. Eaton, who according to the local media “constructed a single wire line using iron wire between the store of Gilbert, Miller and Eaton and the residences of S.J.R Gilbert, Dr. Miller and James P. Eaton. The instruments were made of tin, with an opening in front which was the transmitter and receiver across back of the box, which had been left open. A piece of rawhide was stretched to form the diaphragm and the end of the wire was run thru the diaphragm in the center and fastened inside the box. Later, the rawhide was replaced by a piece of drumhead which Eaton secured for the purpose and which improved the instrument. No batteries were used. The sound being carried purely by the vibrations from the diaphragm. A code of taps for signals was arranged and this served the purpose of the phone bell.” (SIC) E. Newton Eaton had stated that the transmission of the voice was fine, it was clear, and it carried down the line.

However, sometimes an electric shock was generated between the users of this crude device. Five years later, E.W. “Pike” Roney constructed a grounded telephone circuit for the Enright Lumber Company at Bella Vista which was installed between that town and their yard in Redding. This was a line used by company officials only. The installation process that Roney used to create this telephonic line was: “black iron balling wire, salamoniac batteries and Bell company instruments secured from the Bell Telephone Company. Another instrument was connected to this line and located in the apartment of Vuave, assistant superintendent for Enright”. (SIC)

Preceding the Pacific Telephone and Telegraph Company in Redding was the Sunset Telephone and Telegraph Company which had their initial start in 1894. This company began using what’s known as the village or automatic system which proved inefficient. Telephone customers who used this system had to handle the switching by themselves in Redding. There were no official switchboard operators then. Later, a switchboard was installed in Eaton’s Drug store which was then located in the Bergh building on California Street and owned by James P. Eaton. The first official switchboard operator who handled the above switchboard was Redding resident Arvilla (Thompson) Paulsen, a daughter of Philip C. Thompson and Ida (Kelley) Thompson.

In 1897, there was 87 telephones in operation and connected to this switchboard. As the “hello” boom flourished in Redding the Sunset Telephone Company promoted their telephone services even more and brought the tally to 100 telephones in operation by the end of that year. In May of 1898, telephonic communications were enhanced when the San Francisco to Redding line was connected by long distance. Later, the Redding to Portland line began serving the public. A year later the City of Redding had 135 telephones in operation. Rapid growth of telephonic systems in Redding has changed drastically over the years far exceeding the initial design by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876, when he received a patent for it that year. 


1880 U.S. Census (Note: Charles E. Berry is also found as Charles E. Bong but has been corrected on as Charles E. Berry.)

1881, History and Business Directory of Shasta County, California

Early Installations and Telephone Development in Redding and Shasta County, written by Tessie Coughlin, December 12, 1924. On file at the Shasta Historical Society  in VF 621.0 Utilities.  (621.382 Call Number)

Telephone Co. Can Now Build On Hoff Lots - The Courier-Free newspaper of Redding, January 8, 1926

First Work Is Done Towards Erection Of Telephone Building - The Courier-Free Press newspaper of Redding, March 13, 1926

$60,000 Pacific Telephone, Telegraph Building To Be Erected In Redding - The Courier-Free Press newspaper of Redding, April 30, 1926

Contract For Construction Of Telephone Building Let - The Courier-Free newspaper of Redding, May 24, 1926

New Building Marks 47 Years Of Telephone Progress Here - The Courier-Free Press newspaper of Redding, January 11, 1927

The Telephone Company Occupies Its New Building Wednesday, January 12th - The Courier-Free Press newspaper of Redding, January 11, 1927

New Telephone Building, Costing $60,000, Opened - The Courier-Free Press newspaper of Redding, January 12, 1927

First Telephone Operator Sends Congratulations – The Courier-Free Press newspaper of Redding, January 13, 1927

History of Telephones in Shasta County by Peggy Kesterson. On file at the Shasta Historical Society in VF 621.0 Utilities, 1973-1974.

1938 City of Redding Directory

1948 City of Redding Directory 

1958 City of Redding Directory 

1968 City of Redding Directory

1970 City of Redding Directory

1973 City of Redding Directory

1974 City of Redding Directory

1977 City of Redding Directory

1978 City of Redding Directory

1981 City of Redding Directory

1982 City of Redding Directory

1984 City of Redding Directory

1985 City of Redding Directory

1986 City of Redding Directory

1988 City of Redding Directory

1990 City of Redding Directory

1991 City of Redding Directory